Ministry of Education, Government of India announced new education policy named as “National Education Policy 2020”.
Some of the key points are discussed in this article.
1. 10+2 board structure is dropped.
2. New school structure will be 5+3+3+4.
3. Up to 5 preschool, 6 to 8 Mid School, 9 to 12 High School, 13 onward Graduation.
4. Any Degree will be 4 years.
5. 6th standard onwards vocational courses available.
6. From 9th to 12 students can choose subjects.
7. All graduation courses will have major and minor subjects.
Example – A science student can have Physics as Major and Music as minor also. Student can choose any combination of subjects.
8. All higher education will be governed by only one authority.
9. UGC AICTE will be merged.
10. All University government, private, Open, Deemed, Vocational etc will have same grading and other rules.
11. New Teacher Training board will be setup for all kinds of teachers in country, no state can change
12. Same level of Accreditation to any collage, based on its rating collage will get autonomous rights and funds
13. New Basic learning program will be created by government for parents to teach children up to 3 years in home
and for preschool 3 to 6.
14. Multiple entry and exit from any course.
15. Credit system for graduation for each year student will get some credits which he can utilize if he takes break
in course and come back again to complete course.
16. All schools exams will be semester wise twice a year.
17. The syllabus will be reduced to core knowledge of any subject only.
18. More focus on student practical and application
19. For any graduation course if student complete only one year he will get a basic certificate, if he complete two years then he will get Diploma certificate and if he complete full course then he will get degree certificate. So no year of any student will be wasted, if he takes a break between periods of a course.
20. All the graduation course feed of all Universities will be governed by single authority with capping on each course.
The NEP 2020 will give a thrust on early childhood care and education.
It will replace the 10+2 structure of school curricula by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.
The 5+3+3+4 structure will comprise 12 years of school and three of Anganwadi or pre-school
The 5+3+3+4 structure will include a foundational stage from 3 to 8, three years of pre-primary education from 8 to 11, a preparatory stage from 11 to 14, while the secondary stage would comprise 14 to 18 years.
According to the NEP 2020, school students will take exams only for Classes 3, 5, and 8.
Assessment in other years will shift to a “regular and formative” style that will be more “competency-based” to promote learning and development testing “higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity”.
The NEP also proposed that the board exams will continue to be held for classes 10 and 12, but these will also be re-designed with “holistic development”.
According to the HRD Ministry statement, “This will bring the hitherto uncovered age group of 3-6 years under the school curriculum, which has been recognised globally as the crucial stage for the development of mental faculties of a child.
The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/pre-schooling
The new policy aims for Universalization of Education from pre-school to secondary level with 100% GER in school education by 2030, said the statement
E-courses will be developed in regional languages in education planning, teaching, administration and regulation.
Virtual labs to digitally equip schools, teachers and students to be created
The e-content to be available in regional languages starting with Kannada, Odia, Bengali, Tamil etc to join Hindi and English